If you caused a wreck, you have rights too

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By law, a person injured by someone else must sue the at-fault driver, rather than the at-fault driver’s insurance company. (This is a law we believe needs change in our state — read more here)

At-fault drivers have rights and responsibilities too. Most insurance policies have a “cooperation clause,” which means that the at-fault person must report a lawsuit to their insurance company and otherwise cooperate in the defense of the case. 

Unfortunately, many insurance companies use a “delay, deny, defend” strategy in automobile and other cases. That is, insurance companies now use aggressive litigation to deny claims and boost profits, since many people either give up or take settlements for less than fair value, rather than going to court. The problem with this approach is that it drags the at-fault driver through the litigation process. This is difficult on the at-fault driver for several reasons:

  1. The at-fault driver may get sued, which gets reported to credit reporting agencies and is a negative factor when the at-fault driver tries to obtain loans for home, auto, or other major purchases.
  2. If the at-fault driver gets sued, then the lawsuit becomes a public record, and the lawsuit may harm the at-fault driver’s reputation in the community.
  3. A lawsuit may require the personal involvement of the at-fault driver at depositions, hearings, and trial, which takes time away from work and family.
  4. The litigation process is stressful for all litigants.
  5. If the at-fault driver loses the lawsuit, the at-fault driver’s personal assets may be at risk.
  6. If the at-fault driver loses the lawsuit, the at-fault driver may lose his or her driving privileges.

In Arkansas, an insurance company is supposed to give at least as much consideration to the interests of the insured as to its own interests. In most cases, the at-fault driver wants the insurance company to pay the claim against her as quickly as possible with little or no involvement in the case.

So what can an at-fault driver do? Here are some suggestions:

  • Demand in writing that the insurance company settle the case within your policy limits.
  • Ask the insurance company to reimburse you for time away from work.
  • Ask the lawyer appointed by your insurance company to advise you of the risks of litigation so that you can give informed consent to the insurance company’s actions.
  • Some insurance companies threaten to deny coverage if at-fault drivers give truthful statements that hurt the defense. This is illegal — tell the insurance company you will tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth.
  • Report insurance companies to the Arkansas Insurance Department when they drag you into a lawsuit, and tell them you want your case settled quickly without your personal involvement.
  • Ask your state senators and state representatives to change the law to allow direct actions against insurance companies.
  • Tell your state senators and state representatives that you oppose tort reform, which makes it easier for the insurance companies to deny claims and drag you through a lawsuit.
  • Consult your own attorney to advise you of your legal rights.

At the Chaney Law Firm, we would much prefer to sue insurance companies, rather than individuals. However, the law in Arkansas doesn’t let us do that in most situations. If you know your rights and responsibilities, you can protect yourself. The more people who stand up to the insurance companies, the better off all of us will be.